Published Published 2008, 226pp, Edmund Lamb & Michael Delaney.
The Kidneys have complex and diverse functions, having a critical role in salt, water and acid-base homeostasis and in excretion of waste products of metabolism. In addition, the kidney's endocrine role in the production of activated vitamin D and erythropoietin, means that disease processes that compromise function can result in a variety of pathological manifestations. In contrast to many other disorders, the onset of kidney disease is often insidious and early detection relies heavily on laboratory testing. Conversely, episodes of acute kidney injury may precipitate life threatening emergencies very rapidly and succesful management relies on meticulous attention to laboratory reports with appropriate interpretation of the data.